Ospery, the bird of the Selous Scouts.Selous Scouts "Pamwe Chete" title block.Ospery, the bird of the Selous Scouts.

 

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Preface

 

Anti-terrorist operations (ATOPS) are fought on a wide front: the army forces, various government departments and the civilian population all have a role to play. In implementing the anti-terrorist action contained herein, members of the army forces must appreciate the vital need for cooperation and the under-standing of each other's characteristics and capabilities.

ATOPS warfare probably places a greater burden of responsibility on the individual than does any other form of conflict. It connotes small groups and light scales. Catch-words are: thorough training, self-discipline, skill at arms, initiative, guile, endurance and above all, the will to win.

Definitions

  1. Insurgent: An indigenous or foreign national not recognized as a belligerent by international law, aiming to overthrow a government by force. In revolutionary war the terms "guerrilla, 'I "revolutionary," "terrorist" or "insurgent" are used on occasion to indicate differences in the opposition. When it is not necessary to indicate specific differences, however, "insurgent" is used to cover all the roles implied by the foregoing terms. It is also taken to include such additional terms as "saboteur," "enemy" "insurrectionist" or "rebel," where applicable.
  2. Terrorist: A supporter of a dissident faction (in fact, an insurgent), who is trained for or resorts to organized violence for political ends.
  3. Insurgency: A form of rebellion in which a dissident faction instigates the commission of acts of civil disobedience, sabotage and terrorism, and wages irregular warfare in order to overthrow a government. In its ultimate stages it could escalate to a conflict on conventional lines. Although insurgency often starts internally, it has seldom been known to succeed without outside assistance, support and encouragement.
  4. Counter-insurgency (COIN): All measures, both civil and military, undertaken by a government, independently or with the assistance of friendly nations, to prevent or defeat insurgency. (Refers to the Rhodesian Security Forces)
  5. Counter-insurgency operations (COIN Ops). Counter-insurgency operations are the military aspects of counter-insurgency. These consist of: Anti-terrorist operations (ATOPS), Psychological operations (PSYOPS), operations in support of civil authorities (OSCA).
  6. Anti-terrorist operations (ATOPS): Any military operation against terrorists.
  7. Psychological operations (PSYOPS): An action conducted over a predetermined period of time and consisting of the application of various coordinated measures, directed at the population in general or the inhabitants of a specific area or social group, own armed forces, or at the enemy in accordance with determined doctrines and techniques. They are conducted by military forces, civil authorities or by both in conjunction with each other, to achieve an objective of psychological action.
  8. operations in support of civil authorities (OSCA): Any military operation in support of civil authorities, which involves primarily the maintenance of law and order and essential services, in the face of civil disturbance and disobedience.
  9. Military forces (MF): All military, paramilitary and police forces engaged in counter-insurgency operations.
  10. Contact: Any form of encounter between military forces and terrorists, other than a mere sighting.
  11. Incident: A terrorist act resulting in a criminal offence being committed, or interference with the rights of others.
  12. Border control operations: Border control or counter-penetration operations conducted with the aim of securing our own borders and preventing the enemy from crossing, or preventing supplies, reinforcements, etc. from crossing to support enemy elements that may have succeeded in penetrating. This includes the elimination of the enemy and the destruction of his transit facilities in border areas.
  13. Area operations: Operations carried out with the aim of covering an area with a framework of military organizations, working in close cooperation with the civil authorities, in order to eliminate the enemy who may have established himself in the area, or who may have infiltrated the area.'
  14. Military forces: The forces of the army, air force and navy.
  15. Auxiliaries: Individuals or groups of the local population who are organized and controlled by the military forces, to assist with and support counter-insurgency operations.
  16. Frozen area: A clearly defined area, in which military forces are precluded from operating for a fixed period of time. Any military force already operating in the area to be declared frozen will be withdrawn from such an area at least four hours before the set period.
  17. No-go area: An area from which all civilians are excluded by an order of the protecting-authority, to ensure that they do not become involved in operations conducted by military forces against terrorists. Only authorized members of the military forces will move in no-go areas. No action may be instituted against them for any death or injury caused to any person within the area by any act performed in good faith in the course of operations conducted during the time while the order is in force.

 

 

 

 

THIS SITE LAST UPDATED: Sunday, September 16, 2007 06:43:38 PM

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